Spring 2006 UMASS Amherst
Operations Research / Management Science Seminar Series

Date: Friday, March 17, 2006

Time: 11:00 AM
Location: Isenberg School of Management, Room 112

Speaker: Professor Albert-László Bárabasi

Department of Physics
University Notre Dame
Notre Dame, IN

Biography: Albert-László Barabási is the Emil T. Hofman Professor of Physics at the University of Notre Dame. Born in Transylvania, and educated in Bucharest and Budapest, he received a PhD in physics in 1994 from Boston University. After spending a year at IBM's T.J. Watson Research Center he joined the Notre Dame faculty in 1995. His research has led to the discovery and understanding of scale-free networks, describing many complex networks in technology and nature, from the World Wide Web to the cell. His current research focuses on applying the concepts developed by his group for characterizing the topology of the WWW and the Internet to uncover the structural and topological properties of complex metabolic and genetic networks. He is the recipient of the FEBS Anniversary Award in Systems Biology (2005) and the author of the recent general-audience book Linked: The New Science of Networks (Perseus, 2002), currently available in ten languages.

TITLE: The architecture of real networks: from the Web to social networks
Abstract: Networks with complex topology describe systems as diverse as the society, cell, or the World Wide Web. The emergence of most networks is  driven by self-organizing processes that are governed by simple but generic laws. The analysis of social, biological and technological systems shows that nature and human designs share the same large-scale topology, and are governed by similar evolutionary laws. I will show that the structure of these complex webs have important consequences on their robustness against failures and attacks, with implications on drug design, the Internet's ability to survive attacks and failures, and the ability of ideas and innovations to spread on the network.

This series is organized by the UMASS Amherst INFORMS Student Chapter. Support for this series is provided by the Isenberg School of Management, the Department of Finance and Operations Management, INFORMS, and the John F. Smith Memorial Fund. The Chapter wishes to thank Professor Anna Nagurney, its Faculty Advisor, for her help and  support of this series.

For questions, please contact the INFORMS Student Chapter Representative, Ms. Tina Wakolbinger, wakolbinger@som.umass.edu